Cognitive-Behavior Therapy (CBT) -- involves helping individuals change in ways they would like to change. CBT is present-focused, and is based on the belief that the current environment is very important and affects our present emotions and behavior.
The procedures used in CBT are generally intended to improve your well-being and quality of life by:
- expanding your skills, abilities, & independence
- improving your ability to manage emotions & the situations that trigger them
DBT is a form of CBT, and is a therapeutic approach aimed at helping people develop various healthy ways to:
- effectively tolerate, manage, & control emotions
- control behavior
- improve relationships, &
- build more meaningful lives.
Within MPP, DBT is being used to help people (adults & adolescents) who are struggling with a wide variety of problems including depression, anxiety, & bipolar disorder. The common factor in all of these problems is overwhelming emotions & difficulty figuring out how to manage them.
DBT teaches four groups of practical skills that will help you in many areas of your life:
- Emotion Regulation: Will help you identify & name your feelings, & then learn how to tolerate them without getting overwhelmed
- Interpersonal Effectiveness: Will give you the tools to improve your relationships; ask for what you want in an effective way, say "no", & establish appropriate boundaries in a respectful & healthy way
- Distress Tolerance: Will help you distract from painful situations when you can't cope with them, & then relax & soothe yourself
- Mindfulness Skills: Will help you stay focused on what's happening in the present moment, concentrate, & make healthier choices as a result.
Participation in DBT therapy can improve your day-to-day experience of the world, your mood, & your quality of life.
DBT has also been empirically demonstrated to reduce suicidal behavior, reduce self-harm behavior, reduce the frequency of inpatient hospitalizations, & improve social adjustment.
Suzannah Espinosa, PhD
Robert Wilson, LCSW